Arthritis Reference
https://www.spine-health.com/forum/discussion/83625/conditions/arthritis-osteoarthritis/all-you-need-know-about-arthritis
http://www.everydayhealth.com/arthritis/index.aspx
https://www.verywell.com/arthritis-10-important-facts-you-should-know-189663
http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/01/31/everything-you-need-to-know-about-arthritis.aspx
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/orthopaedic_disorders/treatment_for_arthritis_85,p00904/
Back and neck pain References
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/neck-pain
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/lower-back-pain
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/upper-back-pain/causes-upper-back-pain
http://www.healthline.com/health/fitness-exercise/fixing-upper-back-and-neck-pain#walk-upright5
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/physical_medicine_and_rehabilitation/back_and_neck_pain_85,p01162/
Bone Fractures References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00139
Elbow Pain and Problems References
Arthritis Foundation: “Elbow Pain.”
Cleveland Clinic: “Understanding Elbow Pain.”
Mayo Clinic: “Dislocated Elbow,” “Bursitis, “Tendinitis,” “Carpal Tunnel Syndrome,” “Stress Fractures,” “Rheumatoid Arthritis,” “Osteochondritis Dissecans.”
National Health Service (U.K.): Arm or Elbow Pain.”
Ortho Info: “Elbow Injuries in the Throwing Athlete.”
http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/elbow-pain#3
Foot and ankle pain References
http://sma.org.au/resources-advice/injury-fact-sheets/ankle-injury/
http://www.healthline.com/symptom/ankle-pain
Hand pain and injuries References –
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/tc/finger-hand-and-wrist-injuries-topic-overview#1
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/plastic_reconstructive_surgery/specialty_services/reconstructive_surgery/hand_injuries_conditions.html
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/orthopaedic_disorders/hand_pain_and_problems_85,p00917/
Hip pain and injuries References –
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/johns_hopkins_bayview/medical_services/specialty_care/orthopaedic_surgery/specialty_services/hip_knee_program/hip_replacement.html
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/spine_shoulder_and_pelvis_disorders/hip_problems_85,P01371/
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/orthopaedic_disorders/hip_replacement_surgery_85,p01372/
Knee pain and Injuries References
https://www.verywell.com/total-partial-knee-replacement-2552271
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/orthopaedic_disorders/knee_pain_and_problems_85,p00923/
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test_procedures/orthopaedic/minimally_invasive_total_knee_replacement_135,352/
https://www.verywell.com/partial-knee-replacement-2548659
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test_procedures/orthopaedic/knee_replacement_surgery_procedure_92,p07673/
Osteoarthritis References
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/osteoarthritis/what-is-osteoarthritis.php
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/osteoarthritis/symptoms.php
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/osteoarthritis/causes.php
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/osteoarthritis/diagnosing.php
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/osteoarthritis/treatment.php
Shoulder and Elbow pain and injuries References
http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/shoulder-pain
http://www.medicinenet.com/elbow_pain/article.htm
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00065
http://www.medicinenet.com/elbow_pain/page3.htm
Sports related Injuries References
http://www.scottbarbourmd.com/common-sports.html
http://www.kheljournal.com/archives/2015/vol1issue4/PartC/43.1.pdf
Sprains (Stretched or torn ligaments) References
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/understanding-sprains-strains#2
http://physioworks.com.au/treatments-1/what-to-do-after-a-muscle-strain-or-ligament-sprain
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/understanding-sprains-strains#1
http://physioworks.com.au/Injuries-Conditions/Regions/ligament-injury
Strains (stretched or torn muscles or tendons) References
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/muscle_strain/page5_em.htm
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/muscle_strain/article_em.htm#what_is_a_muscle_strain
References
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thumb-arthritis/basics/causes/con-20027798
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00210
http://www.healthline.com/health/osteoarthritis/thumb#overview1
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thumb-arthritis/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20027798
References
http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/carpal-tunnel/tc/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-topic-overview#2
http://www.healthline.com/health/carpal-tunnel-syndrome#riskfactors3
http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/carpal-tunnel/tc/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-topic-overview#1
References
http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/cubital-radial-tunnel-syndrome#1
http://www.assh.org/handcare/hand-arm-conditions/cubital-tunnel
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00069
References
http://www.webmd.com/rheumatoid-arthritis/guide/de-quervains-disease
References
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/broken-wrist-broken-hand/symptoms-causes/dxc-20339900
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/173312.php
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/broken_hand/article_em.htmhttp://www.emedicinehealth.com/broken_hand/article_em.htm
http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/hand-fractures.htm
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00012
References
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/hand_injuries/article_em.htm
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3681444/
http://www.utswmedicine.org/conditions-specialties/orthopaedics/specialties/hand-wrist-elbow/traumatic-injuries.html
http://www.handsurgeon.org/hand-surgery/conditions/traumatic-hand-injuries.php
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00024
http://www.webmd.com/rheumatoid-arthritis/guide/trigger-finger#1
References
http://physioworks.com.au/injuries-conditions-1/hip-arthritis-osteoarthritis
http://www.ortho.wustl.edu/content/Patient-Care/3207/Services/Sports-Medicine/Overview/Hip/Arthritis-of-the-Hip.aspx
http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/hip-osteoarthritis-degenerative-arthritis-hip#1
References
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/avascular-necrosis/basics/definition/con-20025517
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/avascular-necrosis/basics/symptoms/con-20025517
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/avascular-necrosis/basics/causes/con-20025517
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/avascular-necrosis/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20025517
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/avascular-necrosis/basics/treatment/con-20025517
References
https://www.arthritis-health.com/types/bursitis/hip-trochanteric-bursitis
https://www.arthritis-health.com/types/bursitis/hip-bursitis-symptoms
https://www.arthritis-health.com/types/bursitis/hip-bursitis-treatment
References
https://www.epainassist.com/joint-pain/hip-pain/hip-pain-caused-by-hip-joint-dislocation-causes-types-symptoms-treatment
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00392
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00377
References
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/where-it-hurts/knee-pain/treatment/knee-surgery.php
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/where-it-hurts/knee-pain/diagnosis/diagnose-knee-pain.php
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/where-it-hurts/knee-pain/causes/arthritis-in-knee.php
http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/where-it-hurts/knee-pain/
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00389
References
http://www.webmd.com/arthritis/avascular-necrosis-osteonecrosis-symptoms-treatments#2
References
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Knee-replacement/Pages/Kneereplacementexplained.aspx
http://www.healthline.com/health/total-knee-replacement-surgery
http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/645818
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00071
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/tc/frozen-shoulder-topic-overview
References
http://www.webmd.boots.com/fitness-exercise/guide/golfers-elbow-basics
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/golfers-elbow-basics
http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/elbow-pain/golfers-elbow
References
https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/injuries-emergencies/sports-injuries/Pages/Little-League-Elbow.aspx
http://chortho.com/specialties/little-league-elbow.php
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/97101-overview
Reference
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteochondritis-dissecans/basics/treatment/con-20024803
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteochondritis-dissecans/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20024803
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteochondritis-dissecans/basics/causes/con-20024803
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteochondritis-dissecans/basics/symptoms/con-20024803
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteochondritis-dissecans/basics/definition/con-20024803
References
http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/tc/olecranon-bursitis-popeye-elbow-topic-overview
References
http://physioworks.com.au/injuries-conditions-1/bursitis_shoulder
http://www.medicinenet.com/shoulder_bursitis/page3.htm
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00529
http://www.houstonmethodist.org/orthopedics/where-does-it-hurt/shoulder/shoulder-instability/
References
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/separated-shoulder/home/ovc-20232317
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/separated-shoulder/symptoms-causes/dxc-20232326
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/separated-shoulder/diagnosis-treatment/diagnosis/dxc-20232350
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/separated-shoulder/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20232462
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00394
References
http://www.webmd.boots.com/osteoarthritis/guide/tennis-elbow
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/tennis-elbow-lateral-epicondylitis#1
References
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/pediatrics/ulnar_collateral_ligament_ucl_injuries_of_the_elbow_22,UCLInjuriesoftheElbow/
http://www.moveforwardpt.com/SymptomsConditionsDetail.aspx?cid=ddbd540d-6f4c-4417-9195-14f42aa9dd41
http://www.csosortho.com/ulnar-collateral-ligament-sprain.html
References
http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/tc/spondylolisthesis-topic-overview#2
http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/tc/spondylolisthesis-topic-overview#1
Reference
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spinal-stenosis/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20320453
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spinal-stenosis/diagnosis-treatment/diagnosis/dxc-20320450
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/spinal-stenosis/what-spinal-stenosis
References
https://www.spinemd.com/symptoms-conditions/spinal-infections
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00368
References
http://www.medicinenet.com/sciatica/page5.htm
http://www.medicinenet.com/sciatica/page2.htm
http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/guide/sciatica-symptoms
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7619.php
References
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/spinal-deformities/kyphosis-causes-and-treatment
http://www.medicinenet.com/kyphosis/page2.htm
http://www.healthline.com/symptom/kyphosis
References
http://www.medicinenet.com/herniated_disc/page4.htm
https://www.spineuniverse.com/conditions/herniated-disc
http://www.medicinenet.com/herniated_disc/article.htm
References
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/degenerative-disc-disease/common-symptoms-degenerative-disc-disease
http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/tc/degenerative-disc-disease-topic-overview#2
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/degenerative-disc-disease/what-degenerative-disc-disease
References
http://www.healthline.com/health/radiculopathy#risk-factors4
http://www.medicinenet.com/radiculopathy/page3.htm
References
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/nervous_system_disorders/myelopathy_22,Myelopathy/
References
http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/causes-scoliosis#1
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/scoliosis/scoliosis-diagnosis
References – http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/foot-ankle-osteoarthritis#1
References
http://www.healthline.com/health/athletes-foot#overview1
References
http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/what-are-fallen-arches#1
http://www.healthline.com/symptom/flat-foot
References
http://www.footankledc.com/specialties/common-foot-ankle-problems
https://www.hss.edu/limb-lengthening-foot-ankle-deformities.asp
http://www.seattlechildrens.org/clinics-programs/orthopedics/services/foot-and-ankle/
References
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00379
References
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hammertoe-and-mallet-toe/home/ovc-20178097
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hammertoe-and-mallet-toe/symptoms-causes/dxc-20178100
References
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/tc/plantar-fasciitis-topic-overview#1
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/tc/plantar-fasciitis-topic-overview#2
References
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/picture-of-the-achilles-tendon#1
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/picture-of-the-achilles-tendon#2
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/picture-of-the-achilles-tendon#3
References
http://www.orthop.washington.edu/?q=patient-care/articles/ankle/total-ankle-replacement-surgery-for-arthritis.html
http://www.aofas.org/footcaremd/treatments/Pages/Total-Ankle-Arthroplasty.aspx
References
http://www.aofas.org/PRC/conditions/Pages/Conditions/Ankle-Instability.aspx
https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/chronic-ankle-instability
References
http://www.healthline.com/health/achalasia
http://www.webmd.com/heartburn-gerd/guide/barretts-esophagus-symptoms-causes-and-treatments#1
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophageal-cancer/home/ovc-20309179
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stomach-cancer/home/ovc-20202327
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/basics/definition/con-20025201
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peptic-ulcer/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20231747
References
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000281.htm
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemochromatosis/home/ovc-20167289
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000280.htm
http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-portal#1
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gastroenterology_hepatology/_pdfs/liver/viral_hepatitis_a_e.pdf
http://www.webmd.com/hepatitis/hepb-guide/hepatitis-b-topic-overview#2
http://www.webmd.com/hepatitis/hepc-guide/digestive-diseases-hepatitis-c#1
References
http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-pancreatitis#1
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gallstones/home/ovc-20231394
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/liver_tumor_center/conditions/bile_duct_cancer.html
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gastroenterology_hepatology/diseases_conditions/faqs/sphincter_oddi_dysfunction.html
References
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/gastroenterology_hepatology/_pdfs/small_large_intestine/collagenous_lymphocytic_colitis.pdf
http://www.webmd.com/ibd-crohns-disease/crohns-disease/crohns-disease-treatment-common-medications-for-treating-crohns#1
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/familial-adenomatous-polyposis/basics/definition/con-20035680
http://www.webmd.com/ibs/guide/digestive-diseases-irritable-bowel-syndrome#1
References
http://www.ouh.nhs.uk/paediatricorthopaedics/default.aspx
http://www.ouh.nhs.uk/paediatricorthopaedics/information/conditions/default.aspx
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/orthopaedic-surgery/specialty-areas/pediatrics/conditions-we-treat/index.html
References
https://www.childrens.com/specialties-services/specialty-centers-and-programs/orthopedics/orthopedics-dallas/programs-treatments/hand-upper-extremity-clinic/congenital-and-hereditary-disorders#tab-3
References
http://www.baltimoresun.com/health/blog/bs-hs-expert-pediatric-foot-condition-20150601-story.html
https://nsfootankle.com/podiatric-services/conditions-and-treatments/pediatric-foot-problems
References
https://www.childrenscolorado.org/doctors-and-departments/departments/orthopedics/conditions/body-parts/knee/
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/orthopaedic-surgery/specialty-areas/pediatrics/conditions-we-treat/index.html
References
https://www.childrenscolorado.org/doctors-and-departments/departments/orthopedics/conditions/body-parts/hip/
References
http://www.childrenshospital.org/conditions-and-treatments/conditions/s/spine-problems/symptoms-and-causes